Aging and Special Needs Statistics

Population

  • The population age 65 and older increased from 39.6 million in 2009 to 54.1 million in 2019 (a 36 percent increase) and is projected to reach 94.7 million in 2060. By 2040, there will be about 80.8 million older persons, more than twice as many as in 2000 (Administration on Aging, A Profile of Older Americans: 2020)

  • The 85 and older population is projected to more than double from 6.6 million in 2019 to 14.4 million in 2040 (a 118% increase). (Administration on Aging, A Profile of Older Americans: 2020)

Health Care/Status

  • In 2019, 22.3 percent of the population age 65 to 74 assessed their health as fair or poor as compared to 29.3 percent of the population age 75 and over. (Administration on Aging, A Profile of Older Americans: 2020)

  • In 2019, 96 percent of persons age 65 and older reported that they had a usual place to go for medical care, 26 percent had a hospital emergency department visit in the past year, and only 3 percent said that they failed to obtain needed medical care during the previous 12 months due to cost. (Administration on Aging, A Profile of Older Americans: 2020)

Other Social/Demographic Trends

  • In 2019, 4.9 million people age 65+ lived below the poverty level. Another 2.6 million were “near-poor.” (Administration for Community Living: A Profile of Older Americans 2020)

  • In 2020, 9.8 million Americans age 65+ were in the labor force (working or actively seeking work). (Administration for Community Living: A Profile of Older Americans 2020)

Alzheimer's Disease

  • In 2021, Alzheimer's and other dementias will cost the nation $355 billion. By 2050, these costs could rise as high as $1.1 trillion. (Alzheimer's Association - Latest Facts & Figures)

  • More than 11 million Americans provide unpaid care for people with Alzheimer's or other dementias. (Alzheimer's Association - Latest Facts & Figures)

  • These caregivers provide an estimated 15.3 billion hours valued at nearly $257 billion. (Alzheimer's Association - Latest Facts & Figures)     
Autism

  • CDC estimates that about 1 in 54 children has been identified with ASD (or 16.8 per 1,000 8-year-olds). (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Autism Spectrum Disorder)

  • Overall, progress has been made toward the Healthy People 2020 goal of increasing the percentage of children with ASD who receive their first developmental evaluation by 36 months of age. Further, more children who were born in 2012 received an ASD diagnosis by 4 years of age compared to children born in 2008. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Autism Spectrum Disorder)

Disability Statistics

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